Thursday, January 16, 2014

Verb Conjugation in Spanish Language

Conjugation definition in a nutshell, is the process is reforming a verb according to a given situation that may be affected by persons, numbers, gender, etc.


For example, in English, the conjugation of a verb “eat” could be:
eat, eats, eating, ate, eating, etc.
in Spanish, all verbs end in –ar, -er, or, -ir

for example:
tomar – to take.
Beber – to drink.
Dormer – to sleep

To conjugate infinitive verbs, just remove –ar, -er, or –ir, and add the probber ending next.

B.   Conjugating -ar Verbs in the Present Indicative Tense 

Let’s take the verbs ending in –ar and consider the following rules:

1.     If the subject is “yo”, which means “I” in Spanish, the ending of a verb must be “o”.
2.     If the subject is “tu”, which means “YOU” in Spanish, the ending of the verb is “as”.
3.     If the subject is “el, ella, usted”, the ending of the verb is “a”.
4.     If the subject is “Nosotros” or “Nosotras”, which means “WE”, in Spanish, the ending of the verb is “amos”.
5.     If the subject is “Vosotros” or “Vosotras”, which means “YOU ALL”, the ending of the verb is “ais”.
6.     “Ellos, ellas”, or “Ustodes”, which means “THEY”, “YOU ALL”, the ending of the verb is “an”.

Example:

Hablar, it means “to talk”.

If you want to say I talk, remove the ending “ar”, and apply rule ONE, the world will become: yo hablo.

If you are talking to your boss, and you want to ask him to talk; by applying the above rules, the word will become. usted habla. ( refer to rule three ).


The following table contains the different rules of conjugation -ar Verbs according to the mentioned rules above.


Verb
Conjugation
Rule Applied
yo
hablo
Rule No. 1
tu
hablas
Rule No. 2
El, ella, usted
habla
Rule No. 3
Nosotros, nosotras
hablamos
Rule No. 4
Ellos, ellas, ustodes
hablan
Rule No. 6


Note that he, she, and you, ( el, ella, usted ), all have the same ending. (Rule No. 3)


In this section we are going to learn how to conjugate –er verbs.

1.     If the subject is “yo”, which means I in Spanish, the ending of a verb must be “o”.
2.     If the subject is “tu”, which means YOU in Spanish, the ending of the verb is “es”.
3.     If the subject is el, ella, ustedes, the ending of the verb is “en”.
4.     If the subject is Nosotros or Nosotras, which means “WE”, in Spanish, the ending of the verb is “emos”.
5.     If the subject is “Vosotros” or “Vosotras”, which means “YOU ALL”, the ending of the verb is “ais”.
6.     Ellos, ellas, or Ustodes, which means “THEY”, “YOU ALL”, the ending of the verb is “an”.

Example:

Comer which means to eat.

The following table contains the different rules of conjugation -er Verbs according to the mentioned rules above.

Verb
Conjugation
Rule Applied
yo
como
Rule No. 1
tu
comes
Rule No. 2
El, ella, usted
come
Rule No. 3
Nosotros, nosotras
comemos
Rule No. 4
Ellos, ellas, ustodes
comen
Rule No. 6



In this section we are going to learn how to conjugate –ir  verbs. These verbs are identical to –er endings verbs, with one exception; Nosotros

1.     If the subject is “yo”, which means I in Spanish, the ending of a verb must be “o”.
2.     If the subject is “tu”, which means YOU in Spanish, the ending of the verb is “es”.
3.     If the subject is el, ella, ustedes, the ending of the verb is “e”.
4.     If the subject is Nosotros or Nosotras, which means “WE”, in Spanish, the ending of the verb is “imos” instead of “emos” in –er verbs rule.
5.     If the subject is “Vosotros” or “Vosotras”, which means “YOU ALL”, the ending of the verb is “ais”.
6.     Ellos, ellas, or Ustodes, which means “THEY”, “YOU ALL”, the ending of the verb is “en”.

Example:

subir which means to climb.

The following table contains the different rules of conjugation -ir Verbs according to the mentioned rules above.

Verb
Conjugation
Rule Applied
yo
subo
Rule No. 1
tu
subes
Rule No. 2
El, ella, usted
sube
Rule No. 3
Nosotros, nosotras
subimos
Rule No. 4
Ellos, ellas, ustodes
suben
Rule No. 6

The following table summarize the above listings, -ar endings verbs, -er endings verbs, and -ir endings verbs.